The author attends National Defense University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
by Shakir Ali 12 February 2021 Indian ocean has remained the area of conflict between major superpowers. Alfred Mahan highlighted the strategic importance of the Indian ocean in 1940. In 2009, Robert D Kaplan hypothesized that the Indian ocean would be the throat of the world sea route in the 20th century. Moreover, theREAD MORE
by Shakir Ali 15 January 2021 Abstract: In ancient times, the maritime domain was considered a sense of security by littorals, besides comprising excess of mineral resources. It also provided them an opportunity to focus on tangible and non-tangible threats emanating from the land. With the availability of technology and advancement in seafaring, theREAD MORE
“…Geography not just shapes history but also destiny.” – Tim Marshall By Shakir Ali 27 November 2020 This quote shows that the geopolitical determinants are the major factors that determined the fortune of a region in international politics. Gilgit Baltistan geopolitics came into the limelight politics during the great game between the SovietREAD MORE