Jamal Hussain is a retired Air Commodore with the Pakistan Air Force. He is a defence expert, with over 30 years’ experience and expertise on air power history, strategy and employment concepts. Has been writing, teaching and lecturing on defence related subjects, especially about nuclear dynamics and all aspects of air power mainly in the context of Pakistan and South Asia. One of the co-authors of ‘Routledge Handbook of Air Power’ published by Routledge Publishers Oxon and New York in 2018. Co-authored the book Tribes of Pakistan published by Cambridge Scholar Publishing. Appears regularly in TV talk shows, national and international seminars as a defence and air power expert. Has contributed articles on defence related issues in the Defence Journal from Pakistan, Probe Magazine (Dhaka – Bangladesh), Global Affairs journal Islamabad, Global Age magazine Islamabad and Dawn, the News, Daily Times and the Nation English Dailies from Pakistan. Articles published in the CTX journal Monterey, California.