Hindutva Hindrance to Economic Growth and Development in India

Blood and Soil in Narendra Modi's India | The New Yorker

 

by Bhabani Shankar Nayak    17 November 2020

The perils of the Indian economy are products of directionless economic policies of the Modi government. It is led by ignorant leadership and arrogance of Hindutva politics based on exclusionary ideology, which is inspired by European Nazism and fascism. There is a method of madness in the reactionary politics of BJP and RSS. It intends to convert multicultural India into a monolithic India based on Hindutva. It is a reactionary political outlook shaped by national and global capitalist classes.  These forces have unrestricted access to the national treasury and natural resources in India under Modi led government. From deregulation, demonetisation, GST to pandemic lockdowns, the Modi government did everything to dismantle both supply and demand side of the Indian economy. The collapse of two primary pillars of the economy led to the growth of unemployment and the declining purchasing power of the masses. The consumption and consumer demands declined immediately, which shocked the Indian economy and pushed it to undeclared recession for the first time in Indian economic history. Modi government is doing everything to protect corporate interests when people are trying to find ways to survive with hunger, homelessness, unemployment, and Coronavirus pandemic. Indian economic predicaments are inherent within exclusionary Hindutva politics. The economic recovery, growth, and development in India depend on social, religious, and political inclusive culture, where citizens are equal shareholders of economic opportunities.

Hindutva exclusionary politics is trying to hide all its failures and constantly diverting public attention. The advocates of Hindutva glorify the mythological Hindu past and blame all previous governments for all ills of Indian society today. The current problems are products of past deeds. It is a perfect Hindutva recipe that derives its philosophical legitimacy from the Karma theory of the Bhagavad Gita. The current problems are products of Hindutva economic policies, which are geared towards upholding the interests of corporates in India. It is evident in the rise of corporate wealth and the decline of the per capita income of the working Indians.  Hindutva uses neoliberal dispossession to mobilise the masses and consolidates its Brahmanical social and cultural order. At the same time, Hindutva politics accelerates neoliberal economic policies that dispossess the masses. These political and economic contradictions are integral to Hindutva politics. The mainstream mass media are playing a central role in hiding these contradictions by promoting the Hindutva agenda of dispossession and disenfranchisement of the majority of Indian citizens; Muslims, religious minorities, lower caste, tribals, women, and working classes. Hindutva exclusionary ideology is not only depriving Muslims of their citizenship rights but also accelerating deprivation of lower caste, women, and working-class population from participating in economic opportunities by privatising national resources.

Hindutva politics is opposed to the idea of India as an inclusive, constitutional, liberal, and secular democracy. It follows mythological theocracy, which is opposed to the very foundation of scientific and modern India of the 21st century. The Indian economic perils are products of such a reactionary and medieval ideology of Hindutva. It is shaping India with its Hindutva shock therapy based on prohibitions, controls, and commands over the everyday lives of people. Hindutva discourse is trying to dominate every aspect of Indian life from food habits, dress patterns, education, health to reproductive rights. These regressive outlooks are fundamentally opposed to economic growth and development in India. Because social, political, economic religious, and cultural marginalisation weakens citizens, families, societies, states, and institutions to mobilise internal resources of India.  The centralisation of power by Hindutva forces further diminish the abilities of local and provincial governments to mobilise local resources. The availability, accessibility, and distribution of goods and services depend on production, demand, and supply. Hindutva politics destroys every economic foundation of the country by creating social and religious conflicts and violently suppressing political opposition and democratic decentralisation processes.

The Hindutva model of economic and political governance of the Modi government is based on multiple forms of exclusionary practices that hinder economic growth and development in India. Hindutva’s innate hatred for Muslims is the first form of exclusion, which diminishes more than fourteen percent of the Indian population and their abilities to contribute to their individual lives and to the national economy. Hindutva politics considers women only as mothers, sisters, and wives who can be prayed inside the house. Such a patriarchal approach discourages civic and economic participation for a nearly forty-eight percentage of the Indian women population. The apartheid Hindutva ideology believes in the caste hierarchy, which disables the social and economic abilities of nearly twenty-five percent of the lower caste and tribal population. It means the eighty-seven percentage of the Indian population are living under the conditions of structural barriers that do not allow them to grow and be the shareholders of national life.  The processes of marginalisation, denials of citizenship rights, and lack of participation create social, political, and economic conditions of institutionalised deprivation, which gives power to Hindutva forces. Therefore, crisis crime, dominance, and deprivation are four weapons of Hindutva politics in India.

Hindutva exclusionary politics creates conditions of deprivation trap, which breeds unemployment, poverty, debt, destitution, marginalisation, illiteracy, and illness. These outcomes are dangerous and weakening of India and Indians both in the short-run and long run. Social coexistence, peace, and inclusive cultures are foundations of economic growth and development. But the idea of inclusive culture and peace are alien ideals and antithetical to Hindutva politics. Therefore, the Hindutva ideology is a hindrance to economic growth and development in India.

The Hindutva politics led Modi can neither be reformed nor can be revised. The only alternative is to defeat it ideologically and politically till it becomes qualitatively and quantitatively irrelevant and illegal in India. Hindutva is the Indian version of Nazism and fascism. It is detrimental to India, Indians, and humanity. India and Indians will suffer social and economic underdevelopment as long as Hindutva rules the country. The institutionalisation of Hindutva discrimination destroys all potentials and conditions for economic growth and development. The struggle against Hindutva is a struggle against caste, gender, and religious-based discrimination in India. The united struggle against Hindutva politics must develop radical narratives based on social, political, and cultural integration, inclusive economic and development policies for peace and prosperity for the masses. These are essential conditions of sustainable economic growth and the secular development of society in India.

 

 

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