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    Zaheema Iqbal

    The author is a cybersecurity policy researcher. Her interest includes cyber governance, data privacy, and emerging technologies. She can be reached at zaheemaeckbaull@gmail.com. She is a Research Associate at the National Institute of Maritime Affairs, Bahria University, Islamabad Pakistan.

Author's Posts

  • Fake News War Against Pakistan Continues0

    by Zaheema Iqbal and Rafi Us Shan     22 April 2021 The convergence of digital and physical world has fundamentally changed the notion of security. An incident happens online may have far-reaching implications on the physical societies and may target the core fabric of the society. The digital campaigns against social sensitivities including discrimination, racial issues

  • AI-Based COVID-19 Apps and Data Privacy0

        by Zaheema Iqbal*    18 September 2020 The unprecedented threat from the COVID-19 has pushed multiple tech giants and public health authorities to leverage Artificial Intelligence and develop various apps necessary to curb the virus across the globe. These AI-based apps helped world economies to trace, test, trial, and treat COVID-19 patients successfully.

  • Pak-India Cyber Space Engagements During COVID-190

    by Zaheema Iqbal*     13 August 2020 The relationship between India and Pakistan is featured by an intense military and economic competition, leading towards physical conflicts; 27th February being the recent addition to the list of such clashes. India despite having size advantage has been resorting to clandestine campaigns. Capturing and acceptance of Kulbhushan Jadhav


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