The author holds Msc and MPhil Intermational Relations degree from National Defence University, Islamabad.
By Muhammad Adil Sivia 15 September 2019 Historically from birth Pakistan was overwhelmed by the conventional military superiority of India. After the separation of East Pakistan and birth of Bangladesh, the narrative and policy building nuclear weapons was sold to the national as panacea by the military establishment to the millions of destitute Pakistanis. TheREAD MORE
By Muhammad Adil Sivia C. Christine Fair in her recent opinion article titled Pakistan Can’t Afford China’s ‘Friendship’ has tried to muddle the clarity of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) reflective of enduring mutually beneficial friendship between the two countries. Her analysis on Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and CPEC reflects the enormous loss ofREAD MORE
By Muhammad Adil Sivia During the 17th Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit held in Astana, Kazakhstan on June 9, 2017, Pakistan along with India became full members of SCO. Created on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai, the main focus of the organization is countering three evils of terrorism, separatism, and extremism. The members of theREAD MORE
Dispute resolution mechanisms anchored on economic interdependence and developing mutual economic vulnerabilities has delivered even in the case of worst enemies that repeatedly fought for territory. Germany and France twice went to war over mutually contested territory during the first half of 20th century. Both states claimed Alsace-Loraine as theirs and employed military power toREAD MORE
By Muhammad Adil Sivia* Effective foreign policy making and implementation require clear vision about self and pragmatic understanding of the prevailing international environment. For newly independent countries the role of leadership, especially founding fathers, becomes naturally very important for defining the core objectives of the foreign policy of the country. Defining the institutional structure andREAD MORE